How Digital Nomadism and Remote Work Support the UN Sustainable Development Goals

In today’s interconnected world, digital nomadism and remote work have gained significant popularity as alternative work lifestyles. As the world continues to evolve, so do the approaches to work. Thanks to technological advancements and the increasing demand for work-life balance, traditional office-based jobs are no longer the only option.

This article explores the impact of digital nomadism and remote work in supporting the UN Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs). We will explore how these modern work practices contribute to economic growth, reduce inequalities, and address environmental sustainability. From promoting access to decent work and fostering innovation to empowering communities, digital nomadism and remote work offer exciting possibilities for achieving sustainable development.

Table of Contents

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What is Digital Nomadism?

Digital nomadism refers to a lifestyle that allows individuals to work remotely while travelling and exploring different locations. These individuals leverage technology, such as laptops and smartphones, to perform their job duties from anywhere in the world with an internet connection. Digital nomads typically choose flexible work arrangements, such as freelancing or remote employment, that give them the freedom to work on their own terms.

Digital nomadism is not only about work but also about embracing a location-independent lifestyle. It allows individuals to experience diverse cultures, meet new people, and immerse themselves in unique environments while sustaining their professional careers. The ability to work remotely empowers individuals to strike a balance between work and personal life, enhancing their overall well-being

The Rise of Remote Work

Over the past few years, remote work has become increasingly popular across various industries, and for good reason. With advancements in technology, such as video conferencing, cloud computing, and collaboration tools, employees now have the flexibility to work from anywhere, at any time. In recent times, the COVID-19 pandemic has accelerated this shift, as many organizations were forced to adopt remote work practices to ensure business continuity. Though the pandemic has been a challenging time, it has also shown us that remote work can be a great way to stay productive and connected while social distancing.

It’s no surprise that remote work has become a popular lifestyle choice, with about 32% of employees stating in a recent study that they never want to go back to the office. And who can blame them? Working remotely offers more control over one’s time, the opportunity to spend more time with family, and the freedom to work from anywhere in the world.

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Even though some companies such as Starbucks, Twitter, and KPMG, are requiring employees to work in-person or return to full-time office schedules, remote work is still a fantastic solution for many people. It’s sustainable, convenient, and helps to create a better work-life integration. We’re excited to see more and more people embracing the benefits of remote work and look forward to the many opportunities it will bring in the future!

Remote work offers numerous benefits to both employees and employers. Employees can enjoy increased flexibility, reduced commuting time and expenses, improved work-life balance, and the opportunity to work in a comfortable environment of their choice. On the other hand, employers can tap into a global talent pool, reduce office space costs, and boost employee satisfaction and productivity. 

The only thing they have to do is, reinvest a certain part of what they used to spend in their offices at a large scale into some team-building activities and retreats that can help build a network and yet the team spirit among their employees who work remotely from anywhere in the world. I personally see this at a very good level at companies like Nagarro.

Now let’s look into how Digital Nomadism and Remote Work support UN Sustainable Development Goals. For the benefit of our readers, I’ve picked few goals that resonate well with our purpose. 

Digital Nomadism and Economic Growth (Goal 8)

Digital nomadism and remote work have the potential to contribute significantly to economic growth. Studies show that digital nomads spend more than 35% of their income locally in their destinations. Since Digital Nomads stay for a long time in a destination country ranging from three months to an year in average, this spending also brings foreign currency to, thus bolstering the economy of the destination country to a sustainable duration of time. .

According to the government of Madeira, nomads spend an average of $2,100 per month in-country. Since nomads are usually entrepreneurs or remote workers, they do not take away local jobs, making their spending a direct gain to host communities. The presence of nomads creates opportunities for new businesses that target them as a demographic, such as coworking spaces, events and conference spaces, hotels and apartment rentals, cafes, bars, and restaurants. However, the nomad opportunity is wider than direct spending.

Furthermore, digital nomads often spend their earnings locally, supporting local businesses, tourism, and communities. As they travel to different destinations, they contribute to the local economy by spending on accommodation, transportation, dining, and entertainment. This influx of spending can stimulate economic growth in regions that rely on tourism and international visitors, especially countries like Sri Lanka.

Remote Work and Reducing Inequalities (Goal 10)

A survey in 2022 by Statista revealed that 91 million Americans were offered the option of working either full-time or part-time remotely. The COVID-19 pandemic prompted many workers across the U.S. to start working remotely for the first time. The popularity of remote work has continued as pandemic restrictions have eased.

Remote work is vital in reducing inequalities by providing equal opportunities for individuals, regardless of their geographical location or physical abilities. It breaks down barriers created by traditional office-based jobs, allowing people from diverse backgrounds to access meaningful employment.

  • In 2022, the number of people working remotely in the United States increased by 15%, from 22 million to 25.3 million.
  • Remote work is particularly beneficial for people living in rural areas. A study by the Pew Research Center found that 37% of remote workers in rural areas said that remote work had made it easier for them to find a job.
  • Remote work also benefits people with disabilities. A study by the National Organization on Disability found that 70% of people with disabilities who work remotely said that their disability did not prevent them from doing their job effectively.
  • Amy E. Scherer, senior staff attorney for vocational rehabilitation with the National Disability Rights Network, stated that having a disability does not automatically entitle these employees to work remotely forever. However, if remote work proves effective, it can be considered a reasonable accommodation under the Americans with Disabilities Act.

In areas with limited job opportunities, remote work enables individuals to access jobs that were previously out of reach. This helps reduce the gap between urban and rural areas, providing economic opportunities to people living in remote regions. Additionally, remote work offers greater employment prospects to individuals with disabilities or mobility restrictions, allowing them to participate in the workforce on an equal footing.

According to a report by the World Economic Forum, remote work could help to reduce global inequality by up to 10% by 2030.

Fostering Innovation through Remote Work (Goal 9)

Remote work fosters innovation by bringing together diverse perspectives and talent worldwide. When teams are open to physical proximity, they can collaborate with experts and professionals from different cultures and backgrounds.

Manas Human, a Co-Founder and the CEO of Nagarro, a well-known and fast-growing software development and consulting firm, says, “Our mission has always been to make distance irrelevant between intelligent people.” And it is proven, and it’s incredible to see how the company aligns their mission and gives its employees the option to work from anywhere, connecting talents from different parts of the world to build the best out of the best for its clients. This diversity of thought sparks creativity, promotes problem-solving, and leads to the development of innovative solutions.

Moreover, remote work encourages a culture of continuous learning and professional development. Remote workers often acquire new skills and adapt to emerging technologies to stay competitive in the global job market. This culture of self-improvement and knowledge-sharing cultivates an environment that nurtures innovation and fosters growth.

Digital Nomadism and Environmental Sustainability (Goal 15)

The typical profile of a digital nomad is shifting, as online workers join island-hopping 20-somethings in their 30s and 40s travelling with partners and children, experts and researchers say.

Digital nomadism can contribute to environmental sustainability in a number of ways, including:

  • Reduced commuting emissions. Digital nomads who work remotely can reduce their commuting emissions by working from home or from a co-working space in their local community. This can save significant emissions, especially in areas with high traffic congestion.
  • Reduced consumption. Digital nomads tend to own less stuff than people living in traditional homes, as they don’t need as much furniture, appliances, and other belongings when they’re constantly moving. This can lead to a reduction in consumption and waste.
  • Increased awareness of sustainability issues. Digital nomads often travel to different parts of the world, which can expose them to different cultures and sustainability practices. This can help them become more aware of the environmental challenges facing our planet and make more sustainable choices in their lives.
  • Support of sustainable businesses. Digital nomads can support sustainable businesses by staying in eco-friendly accommodations, eating at local restaurants that source their food sustainably, and using transportation options with a lower environmental impact.

So, Digital nomadism contributes to environmental sustainability by reducing the carbon footprint associated with traditional commuting and office infrastructure. As individuals embrace remote work, the need for daily commuting decreases significantly, resulting in fewer vehicles on the road and lower greenhouse gas emissions.

Additionally, remote work minimizes the demand for large office spaces, reducing energy consumption and producing construction materials. With fewer people working in centralised locations, the environmental impact caused by constructing and maintaining office buildings is reduced. Remote work also encourages adopting sustainable practices like virtual meetings, paperless documentation, and energy-efficient home offices.

Promoting Access to Decent Work (Goal 8)

One of the UN Sustainable Development Goals is to promote inclusive and sustainable economic growth, employment, and decent work for all. Digital nomadism and remote work contribute to this goal by creating opportunities for individuals facing barriers to accessing traditional employment.

By embracing digital nomadism and remote work, individuals can escape the limitations of their local job market and access a global network of employment opportunities. This enables them to earn a fair income and enjoy the benefits of decent work, such as social protection, a safe working environment, and the opportunity for career advancement.

Enhancing Work-Life Balance/ Integration (Goal 3)

Work-life balance is a crucial aspect of overall well-being and happiness. Traditional work arrangements often demand long hours in a fixed location, leaving individuals with limited time for personal pursuits and family. Digital nomadism and remote work offer a solution by allowing individuals to customise their work schedules and location to accommodate their personal needs.

Whether it’s spending quality time with family, pursuing hobbies, or exploring new destinations, digital nomads have the freedom to design their lifestyle around their priorities. This flexibility fosters a healthier work-life balance, reducing stress and enhancing overall job satisfaction.

Empowering Local Communities (Goal 11)

Digital nomadism can potentially empower local communities by driving economic growth and promoting cultural exchange. As digital nomads travel to different regions, they engage with local communities, support local businesses, and contribute to preserving cultural heritage.

Moreover, digital nomads often collaborate with local entrepreneurs and organizations, sharing knowledge, skills, and resources. Organizations like Nomad Skill Share are good examples for platforms that enables sharing these values within the local communities and digital nomads. This exchange of ideas and expertise helps foster innovation and entrepreneurial spirit within the local community. Additionally, digital nomads can become advocates for social and environmental causes, supporting local initiatives and raising awareness about global issues.


As a conclusion, what I believe is that, digital nomadism and remote work have emerged as powerful contributors to the UN Sustainable Development Goals. They promote economic growth, reduce inequalities, foster innovation, and address environmental sustainability. Through these modern work practices, individuals can access job opportunities globally, embrace flexible work arrangements, and lead fulfilling lives while positively impacting local communities.

As digital nomads and remote workers work, explore and continue to evolve, addressing their challenges, such as isolation, work-life boundaries, and infrastructure limitations, is essential. By understanding and overcoming these challenges, individuals and organizations can unlock digital nomadism’s and remote work’s full potential, creating a more sustainable and inclusive future.

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Can anyone become a digital nomad?
Anyone with the necessary skills, a reliable internet connection, and the desire for a location-independent lifestyle can become a digital nomad. It requires careful planning, financial stability, and adapting to new environments.

Are there specific jobs suitable for remote work?
Remote work is applicable to a wide range of professions, including software development, digital marketing, writing, design, consulting, and customer service. However, with technological advancements, more industries are exploring remote work possibilities.

How can remote work contribute to achieving the UN Sustainable Development Goals?
Remote work promotes economic growth, reduces inequalities, and supports environmental sustainability. It enables individuals from diverse backgrounds and regions to access job opportunities, fosters innovation through global collaboration, and reduces carbon emissions associated with commuting.

What are the key skills required for successful remote work?
Key skills for successful remote work include self-discipline, effective communication, time management, adaptability, and the ability to work autonomously. Remote workers should also possess technical skills relevant to their field of work.

Can remote work benefit companies as well?
Absolutely! Remote work benefits companies by tapping into a global talent pool, reducing office space costs, and increasing employee satisfaction and productivity. It allows organizations to access specialized skills and expertise without geographic limitations.

What are some best practices for maintaining work-life balance as a digital nomad?
Establishing a routine, setting boundaries between work and personal life, prioritizing self-care, and creating a dedicated workspace are essential for maintaining a work-life balance as a digital nomad. It’s important to define working hours and make time for leisure activities.

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